Sunday, 22 April 2012

Asian Festivals

Asian Hindu Festivals



DIWALI
Diwali is known as a festival of lights, which celebrates the New Year in India. In this festival you can smell delicious food cooking in every household. There is lots of candle and divers lit in the house all the family will wear new bright clothes. In India the families will go to a riverside and float lamps into the water. Some of the families will visit the temple/gurdware and light a candle, which will represent a good fortune and health. There are lots of fire works lit in the evening its like bonfire night. Where all the families will get together and share the lovely food, which, has been prepared during the day. In the evening all the family will help each other to clean the house so Lakshmi can visit the house and bless it with good fortune for all the family. Diwali is normally celebrated in October/November Sikhs and Hindus both celebrate this festival. There is a special meaning for Sikhs why they celebrate this festival because Guru Hargobind was released from imprisonment at Gwalior.


HOLI
In India this festival is mostly celebrated than in the UK. This is a Hindu festival, which is normally celebrated in the spring, which means the new life and energy of the season. The way they would celebrate this festival is to decorate the whole house with flowers cook variety of meals to share with the family and friend who visit the house in the daytime/evening. The meaning of Holi is the festival of colours literally means 'burning'. All the colours are displayed in large trays and into plastic bottles where they can be squeezed on to each other. The way holi is celebrated everyone will wear light coloured clothes such as cream and white in the evening the family will get together and sing songs and dance. They will throw dry paints onto each other and enjoy each others company and atmosphere will be glowing and families laughing and having a nice day. Holi also celebrates Krishna and the legend of Holika and Prahalad gods.


KRISHNA HAYANT
A celebration of the Birthday of Lord Krishna. After the fasting the festival is followed by singing and dancing after midnight.


LOHRI
Lohri is celebrated all over the world and also in India. The reason why Lohri is celebrated it marks the harvesting season in Punjab and the end of the winter season. Families will celebrate Lohri if a member of the family has got married or if there has been a new arrival in family in the past year. They will give out rarau and peanuts and clothes to all the families and friends. All the family will get together and lots of different dishes of food will be cooked and also they will light a fire in the garden and burn wood.


NAVRATI
This is a ten day dance festival which celebrates the victory of Durga, the Goddess over Masahorus (Demon). Burning of effigies takes place and on the final day meat is eaten.


RAKHAI
This festival is celebrated in all Indian religions. The meaning of this festival is the blessing from your sister to there brothers. This is one of the reasons why parents wont a son in the family. On this special festival there will be lots of colourful shapes of Indian sweets displayed in the shop windows of sweet centres. There will be lots of queries outside the shops people will wait hours to purchase sweets. Lots of delicious dishes of food will be made during the day. In India everyone will wake up early have a bath. Then go to the temple after they have been to the temple they will tie the Rakhai onto their brother. Then the brother will give his sister a gift or money just to say thank you.


VARAT KARVA CHAUTH
In this festival the newly married women will starve themselves until the moon rises in the night for their beloved husbands for a long life. Also single women are allowed do this fast for there future husband to be. In this festival the woman will dress into their best clothes and also look very attractive and lovely they are also allowed to wear their wedding outfits. In the early morning the wife's will get up and have a bath then they will have something to eat before the sun shines. During the whole day they are not allowed to drink or eat until the moon comes out in the evening. During the day they will cook rice pudding and variety of different dishes for there beloved ones.
In the evening all the women will get together and wait for the full moon to come out. They are not allowed to eat or drink until it comes out, once the moon comes out they will run outside and look though a metal container then if they see there beloved ones that is a good sigh for the future, which means happiness. At the end of the day the husband will give his wife and gift, which will represent a token of love for his wife.


Asian Sikh Festivals



BIRTHDAY OF GURU NAANAK
Guru Nanak Sahib (the First Nanak, the founder of Sikhism) was born on 15th April, 1469 at Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi in the present distrect of Shekhupura (Pakistan), now Nanakana Sahib. The Birthday of Guru Nanak Sahib falls on Kartik Puranmashi, that is on the full moon day of the month Kartik. It is on this festival that Sikhs gather for sermons and hymn singing at their Gurdwwara. This is followed by a celebration meal and often a firework display.


BIRTHDAY OF GURU GOBIND SINGH SAHIB
Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, the tenth Nanak was born at Patna Sahib on 22nd December 1666, (Poh Sudi Saptmi). His birthday generally falls in December or January or sometimes twice within a year as it is calculated according to Hindu Bikrami Calendar based on moon-year. Guru Gobind Singh Sahib was the tenth Guru who instituted the order of the Khasa and the five K's.


DIWALI
Diwali is known as a festival of lights, which celebrates the New Year in India. In this festival you can smell delicious food cooking in every household. There is lots of candle and divers lit in the house all the family will wear new bright clothes. In India the families will go to a riverside and float lamps into the water. Some of the families will visit the temple/gurdware and light a candle, which will represent a good fortune and health. There are lots of fire works lit in the evening its like bonfire night. Where all the families will get together and share the lovely food, which, has been prepared during the day. In the evening all the family will help each other to clean the house so Lakshmi can visit the house and bless it with good fortune for all the family. Diwali is normally celebrated in October/November Sikhs and Hindus both celebrate this festival. There is a special meaning for Sikhs why they celebrate this festival because Guru Hargobind was released from imprisonment at Gwalior.


VAISAKI
Is normally celebrated on 13/14 April the meaning of Vaisaki is a new year for the Sikh religion. This festival is going to be celebrated for the first five years of this millennium on the 14 April of each year. Also before the actually day of Vaisaki there will be a march though the city town. This is also the anniversary of Khalsa on Vaisakhi 1699 by the 10th Guru Gobind Singh. The date of Vaisakhi 1699 marks the birth of the modern Sikhism. (the second paragraph is from the sikh web site) At this festival there will be lots of different activities taken place such as bhangra groups, modern dancing, sword dancing, there will be lots of other things going on stands where you can purchase items, e.g. asian jewellery, clothes, flags and key rings. There will be a fun fair and ice creams stands for everyone.
There will be lots of food and drinks you can purchase. There will be also a langar taken place, which means the kitchen where there will be lots of food served to everyone. Everyone are welcomed to this langar they will sit on the floor and enjoy the food by attending this langar it is a sign of good luck. There will be lots of people attending this festival from different places. The atmosphere will be bubbly and people will be addressed in lovely clothes and enjoying the family day out.


THE TEN GURU's


There are ten Guru's in the Sikh Religion. Their names are often to be found on or in Sikh places of worship.
First Guru Guru Nanak Sahib
Second Guru Guru Angad Sahib
Third Guru Guru Amardas Sahib
Forth Guru Guru Ramdass Sahib
Fifth Guru Guru Arjan Sahib
Sixth Guru Guru Hargobind Sahib
Seventh Guru Guru Har Rai Sahib
Eighth Guru Guru Harkrishan Sahib
Ninth Guru Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib
Tenth Guru Guru Gobind Singh Sahib



Asian Muslim Festivals



AL HIJRA
This festival or celebration marks the migration of Muslims from Mecca to Medina.


ASHURA
In dedication of the martyrdom of Hussein the second son of Ali.


EID UL FITR
This is the festival of ever recurring happiness. It marks the end of the fast of Ramadhan. Muslim families come together to give thanksgiving and prayers to Allah. The word Id means a festival of ever-recurring happiness and this festival is a time of great joy and pleasure for all Muslims. When the new moon is seen people shout with joy and offer praise to Allah. Everyone prays and gathers for special sermons. Before anyone can break the fast however everyone must give to the poor from their savings. They do this to purify themselves.


EID UL ADHAA
This is the second main festival of the Islamic calendar. It takes place on the 10th day of the 12th moon of the Islamic calendar. This festival is linked with the pigrimage to Mecca.


RAMADAN
This is perhaps the most well known of festivals or religious occassions in the Muslim calendar. It takes place during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Muslims abstain from eating and drinking during daylight hours. In the evenings the mosques signal the times that the fasting is broken and families often get up very early in the morning to feast and give praise to Allah before the daylight hours and the fasting begins.


UL QUADIR
The night of power which reflects the Phrophet having received the first revelation from Allah from the Angel Gabriel.


Information kindly supplied by Krishna Devi from Wolverhampton


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